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Artist: Kikugawa Eizan (菊川英山)

Alternate names:
Chōkyūsai (go - 重九斎)
Kikugawa Toshinobu (family name - 菊川俊信)
Mangorō (nickname - 万五郎)
Ōmiya (original family name - 大宮)
Tamegorō (nickname - 為五郎)

Lifetime: 1787 - 1867

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Biography:

Ukiyo-e painter, printmaker. Taught first by his father, a maker of fans and Kano-style painter, then by Suzuki Nanrei and Iwakubo Hokkei; also infuenced by Utamaro and Hokusai. From the early 1800's until he retired about 1830, became the leading designer of bijinga (based on Utamaro's late style) and actor prints as well as erotica.

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Among the very first Japanese prints to enter the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art were 19 examples by Eizan. These were in an album of 24 prints which include 2 by Kunisada and 3 by Kunimaru. They were a gift of Mary L. Cassilly in 1894.

A second album of 88 prints was also donated at the time. It was prints from 'The Hundred Poets Compared' series including works by Hiroshige, Kunisada and Kuniyoshi.

Source: 'Early Collectors of Japanese Prints and the Metropolitan Museum of Art' by Julia Meech-Pekarik, Metropolitan Museum Journal, vol. 17, 1982, pp. 93-118.