Utagawa Yoshiiku (歌川芳幾) (artist mid 1830s - early 1900s)
A long-haired ghost (Ghost #11 - 魂魄 十一) from the Hyaku monogatari (百もの語) - based on the work of Hokusai and others
7.4" x 10.5" Japanese woodblock print
Ota Memorial Museum - Scary Ukiyoe Exhibition
Waseda University - several prints from this series
Lyon Collection - Yoshitoshi print of a ghost painted by Maruyama Ōkyo coming out of the painting frightening the artist
Lafcadio Hearn wrote:
Tradition says that Okyo Maruyama was the first Japanese artist who drew a ghost. The Shogun, having invited him to his palace, said: 'Make a picture of a ghost for me.' Okyo promised to do so; but he was puzzled how to execute the order satisfactorily. A few days later, hearing that one of his aunts was very ill, he visited her. She was so emaciated that she looked like one already long dead. As he watched by her bedside, a ghastly inspiration came to him: he drew the fleshless face and long dishevelled hair, and created from that hasty sketch a ghost that surpassed all the Shogun's expectations. Afterwards Okyo became very famous as a painter of ghosts.
There are several prints from this series at the collection of Waseda University. Click on the link above to see them. There appear to be at least 17 prints in this series according to the information at Waseda University.
Chuban ghost of a woman dressed as a corpse in a white shroud with a bag (zudabukuro - 頭陀袋) hanging from her neck. This print design is after a painting by Maruyama Ōkyo (1733-95) whose pseudonymous signature 円山主水 (Maruyama Mondo) is at the lower left. Sprinkled with mica in the upper third.
“Something Wicked from Japan: Ghosts, Demons and Yôkai in Ukiyo-e Masterpieces” (2016), page 38.
Yūrei-zu (幽霊図 - ghosts demons monsters and spirits) (author)